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Food components and food groups
The body needs a supply of food components - namely carbohydrate, protein and fat to be able to work efficiently – especially when you are a road cyclist. By Sarah Burkhart, nutritionalist.
It is important to know what foods contain each component so you can design a balance diet.
Breads & Cereals
This group includes bread and cereal products such as bread, bread rolls, pita bread, pasta, rice, quinoa, buckwheat, and cereals like oats.
Fruit & Vegetables
This group contains all of the fruits and vegetables. These are a good source of carbohydrate, and apart from avocado – you won’t find fat in these!
Meat & Meat Alternatives
Meats such as chicken, fish, beef, lamb and vegetarian alternatives like tofu and legumes are grouped together, along with eggs.
This is also a protein group and includes milk, cheese, yoghurt, ice cream etc.
The last group (not one of the major 4 but an important group to remember) is the treats group.
About Sarah Burkhart....
Sarah is a Sports Nutritionist who is known for her practical and realistic approach to improving performance and getting results with athletes from recreational to elite international level. She has a BSc majoring in Human Nutrition and Physiology, and has just completed a MSc in Human Nutrition.
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